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Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a Public Sector Enterprise under the administrative control of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Government of India. The Company was registered as a Public Limited Company under the Companies Act, 1956 in September 1987 with the objective of operating atomic power stations and implementing the atomic power projects for generation of electricity in pursuance of the schemes and programmes of the Government of India under
theAtomic Energy Act, 1962. NPCIL also has equity participation in BHAVINI, another PSU of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) which implements Fast Breeder Reactors programme in the country.
NPCIL is responsible for design, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear power reactors. NPCIL is a MoU signing, profit making and dividend paying company with the highest level of credit rating (AAA rating by CRISIL and CARE). NPCIL is presently operating 20 nuclear power reactors with an installed capacity of 4780 MW. The reactor fleet comprises two Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) and eighteen Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) including one 100 MW PHWR at Rajasthan which is owned by DAE, Government of India. Besides, the unit-1 (1000 MW) of Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project has attained first criticality on July 13, 2013 and was first synchronized to the grid on October 22, 2013. Currently NPCIL has five reactors under various stages of construction totaling 3800 MW capacity.

Pre-project activities at the sites, accorded ‘in principle' approval by the Government, have been taken up aggressively so as to enable early launch of projects at these sites.

Being a responsible corporate citizen, NPCIL accomplishes CSR activities and implements project related to Sustainable Development (SD). The company is compliance to Corporate Governance as per guidelines issued by Department of Public Enterprises (DPE).

The Mission of the Company is ‘To develop nuclear power technology and to produce nuclear power as a safe, environmentally benign and economically viable source of electrical energy to meet the increasing electricity needs of the country'.

  • To maximise the power generation and profitability from nuclear power stations with the motto ‘safety first and production next’.
  • To increase nuclear power generation capacity in the country, consistent with available resources in a safe, economical and rapid manner, in keeping with the growth of energy demand in the country.
  • To continue and strengthen QA activities relating to nuclear power programme within the organisation and those associated with it.
  • To develop personnel at all levels through an appropriate Human Resources Development (HRD) programme in the organisation with a view to further improve their skills and performance consistent with the high technology.
  • To continue and strengthen the environmental protection measures relating to nuclear power generation.
  • To continue and strengthen the neighborhood welfare programme/CSR activities for achieving inclusive growth of surrounding population.
  • To share appropriate technological skills and expertise at national and international levels.
  • To bring about modernisation and technological innovation in activities.
  • To coordinate and endeavor to keep the sustained association with the other units of DAE.
Operating Units and Units under Construction

The operating nuclear power units are:

Tarapur Atomic Power Station Units-1&2 (2x160 MW BWRs),
Tarapur Atomic Power Station Units-3&4 (2x540 MW PHWRs),
Rajasthan Atomic Power Station Units 1to 6 (100 MW, 200 MW and 4x220 MW PHWRs),
Madras Atomic Power Station Units-1&2 (2x220 MW PHWRs),
Narora Atomic Power Station Units-1&2 (2x220 MW PHWRs),
Kakrapar Atomic Station Units-1&2 (2x220 MW PHWRs) and Kaiga Generating Station Unit-1 to 4 (4x220 MW PHWRs).

The Units under construction are:

Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project Unit-1&2 (2x1000 MW VVERs)*
Kakrapar Atomic Power Project Unit-3&4 (2x700 MW PHWRs)
Rajasthan Atomic Power Project Units-7&8 (2x700 MW PHWRs)

In addition , NPCIL has also 10 MW Wind Farm operating at Kudankulam site.

* Unit -1 of KKNPP has attained first criticality on July 13, 2013 and was first synchronized to the grid on October 22, 2013

Operating Performance
Highest ever nuclear power gross generation of 35,333 MUs was achieved in the year 2013-14. NPCIL has set several records in the safe operation of nuclear power plants. For instance, ten reactors of the company have run non-stop for more than one year. Among them, the unit-5 of Rajasthan Atomic Power Station was operated for more than 765 days non-stop and became world's second longest run nuclear power reactor. The Unit-2 of Tarapur Atomic Power Station has run continuously for 590 days, a notable achievement. So far NPCIL has consistently maintained overall availability factor of reactors above 80% for several years and in the year 2013-14 it was 88%.
Safety Performance
NPCIL has achieved about 407 reactor years of experience in safe operation of nuclear power plants, with motto of ‘Safety first and Production next'. The Environmental Management System (EMS) and Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS) as per ISO-14001: 2004 and IS-18001: 2007 respectively are maintained at all the stations. By following the principle of ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) and maintaining the highest standards of safety within the Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs), the occupational exposures of employees of the company at various NPPs are maintained well below the values specified by the regulator, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB). The environmental releases of radioactive effluents from NPPs are maintained significantly low (average less than 1% of the limits specified by AERB). NPCIL contributed in enhancing safety & reliability of nuclear power plants globally through its active participants in World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO), Candu Owners Group (COG), IAEA and other international organizations. NPCIL units have received several safety awards from various national agencies like AERB, NSCI, Gujarat Safety Council, National Safety Council-Mumbai and DGFASLI.
Biodiversity Conservation
NPCIL has voluntarily taken up Environment Stewardship Programme (ESP), besides fulfilling regulatory and statutory requirements. The programme focuses on the scientific study of bio-diversity, particularly avifauna, within and around Exclusion Zones (EZs) of Indian nuclear power plants for the conservation & improvement of habitat in association with nature conservation institutions. NPCIL has published two coffee table books viz. “Our Flying Guests” on the birds found within and around all the Indian nuclear power plants and "7 Edens and 70 Fairies" on the butterflies of Indian NPPs.
Public Outreach Programme

Recognising the need of reaching out to people around its sites and sharing the information on nuclear power to generate correct perspective about nuclear power, NPCIL scaled up its Public Awareness programmes in a structured manner using a multipronged approach. Through several modes of communication, dissemination of accurate information on nuclear power to different target groups is being done regularly.