SAFETY EVALUATION OF INDIAN NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS POST FUKUSHIMA ACCIDENT
The design, construction, commissioning of a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) is done with the prevalent Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) Codes and Guides and takes into account feedback available from the operating experience of national and international plants
Later during operational life of the Plant, its safety performance is regularly evaluated by the internal review process at NPCIL and AERB. Periodic Safety Reviews (PSR) and related improvements in safety of the plant are carried out as per regulatory practices at the time of periodic reviews. The national and international Operational Experience provides another means of on line safety review and keeps the features up to date. For example, the reviews of and lessons learnt from Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS) fire incident, Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS) Tsunami event, Three Mile Island (TMI) accident and Chernobyl accident have been used to improve safety wherever required.
As part of this practice the lessons learnt from event at Fukushima are being reviewed.
- Accident at Fukushima Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) in Japan occurred on 11th March,2011, due to Earth Quake followed by Tsunami.
- On 15th March, 2011, CMD NPCIL constituted four task forces to review consequences of occurrences of similar situations in INDIAN NPPs under operation, which broadly fall into four categories. They are
- Boiling Water Reactors (BWR) (TAPS 1&2)
- Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) at RAPS 1&2
- PHWRs at MAPS 1&2
- Standard PHWRs from NAPS onwards
- These task force were asked to make a quick assessment of safety of Indian NPPs assuming non availability of motive power and design water supply routes and recommend improvements, so that situation as it developed at Fukushima can be avoided even under adverse conditions.
- All the task forces submitted their reports by end of March 2011, based on preliminary information available on Fukushima event at that time.
- The details of this event are still unfolding. The observations of International community are also being tracked so as to provide additional input to the action plans for Indian NPPs.
- The reports of the Task Forces were summarised in a document titled “Safety Evaluation of Indian NPPs Post Fukushima Incident” to provide an integrated picture for broad appreciation of the associated topics like description of Fukushima event, process of safety review and assessment in NPCIL along with specific recommendations applicable to respective plants.
- Subsequently, two more task forces were formed by CMD NPCIL, to assess safety of Indian NPPs under construction, assuming non-availability of motive power and design water supply routes.
One task force for VVER, Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) under construction at KKNPP.
One task force for 700 MWe, PHWRs under construction at KAPP 3&4 and RAPP 7&8.
Reports of the Task Forces and associated background is available in the following :
Presentation summarizing Process of safety review at NPCIL, Fukushima Event, Post Fukushima review of Indian NPPs, Safety audits conducted after NAPS fire Incident, MAPS Tsunami incident, TMI / Chernobyl accidents, Summary of recommendations by Task Forces, and following actions.
The full text of Reports can be viewed from the following links:
Summary document “Safety Evaluation of Indian NPPs Post Fukushima Incident“
Task Force Report of TAPS-1&2 (A1)
Task Force Report of RAPS-2 (A2)
Task Force Report of MAPS-1&2 (A3)
Task Force Report of Standard PHWR (NAPS onwards) (A4)
Task Force Report of KKNPP (A5)
Task Force Report of 700 MWe PHWR (A6)